Fear

The Concept of Anxiety and Uneasiness

The problem of anxiety is one of the most pressing problems in modern psychology. Among the negative experiences of human anxiety occupies a special place, often it leads to a decrease in efficiency, productivity activities, to difficulties in communication.

Subsequently, the man with the increased anxiety may encounter with various somatic diseases. To understand the phenomenon of anxiety, as well as the reasons for its occurrence is difficult. In a state of anxiety, we tend to experience more than one emotion, a certain combination of different emotions. Each of them has an impact on our social relationships, our somatic state, perception, thinking, behavior.

It should be borne in mind that the state of anxiety in different individuals may be caused by different emotions. The main emotion in the subjective experience of anxiety is fear.

We should distinguish between anxiety as a state and uneasiness as a property of the individual.

Anxiety is a reaction to impending danger: a real or imaginary. Anxiety is an emotional state of fear which is characterized by vague sense of threat (unlike fear, which is a reaction to a definite danger).

Uneasiness is an individual psychological features consisting in increased tendency to experience anxiety in different situations including those objective characteristics of which do not predispose to this.

Together with attempts to reach an agreed definition for describing the state of anxiety, researchers try to identify what are the real causes of this condition.

Possible reasons are:

  • physiological characteristics (features of the nervous system – Increased sensitivity or sensory)
  • individual characteristics
  • relationships with peers and parents
  • problems at school, and much more.

Many experts agree that among the causes of children’s anxiety in the first place there are improper upbringing and bad relationship with parents especially with mother.

Anxiety can be generated with a real personal troubles in the most significant areas of activity and communication. But it can also exist in spite of a satisfactory situation. Anxiety can be a consequence of certain personality conflicts, violations in the development of self-esteem, etc.

Uneasiness as the property of the individual determines the behavior of the subject. A certain level of uneasiness is a natural and necessary feature of personal activity. Each person has their optimal or desired level of uneasiness. This so-called useful uneasiness. Analysis of the mental state is an essential component for human self-control and self-education. However, the increased level of anxiety is a subjective manifestation of ill person.

In general, uneasiness is a subjective expression of personal distress. Uneasiness as an emotional experience discomfort and a presentiment of impending danger is an expression of dissatisfaction with significant human needs.

Therefore, uneasiness is a personality trait – readiness to fear. Since, the fear is the main component of uneasiness, it has its own peculiarities. Functionally, the fear is a warning of impending danger. Fear allows you to focus on its source, induces to look for ways to avoid it.

When fear reaches a strength of affect, it is able to impose behavioral patterns: flight, stupor, protective aggression. If the source of danger is not defined occurring condition is called anxiety.

Anxiety is an emotional state that arises in situations of uncertain danger. Anxiety manifests itself in anticipation of adverse developments.

Tags: anxiety, uneasiness, fear, danger, emotion


Factors that maintain Anxiety and Panic Attacks. The concept of “Fear of Fear”

The acute “fear of fear”, which develops after a first panic attacks, linked to the fear of certain physical sensations that accompany panic attacks (e.g, heart palpitation, dizziness, paresthesias). This fear is due to two factors.

The basis of the first of them is “interoceptive conditioning”, i.e. tentatively worked out the fear of certain internal sensations (eg, palpitations), which in the representation are associated with the expression of fear, pain or unpleasant feelings. The idea of conditioning is consistent with a traumatic origin of panic attacks, which are often seen by medical personnel in emergency, as well as vivid memories of the first attack of panic, even after 20 years.

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